Carlos Bulosan Bibliography

For additional information about Carlos Bulosan:



All the Conspirators. 1998. Anvil Publishing, Inc. Introduction by Caroline Hau and Benedict Anderson.

The Cry and the Dedication, 1995. (previously published as The Power of the People), E. San Juan, Jr., ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Temple Univ. Press.

The Power of the People. 1977. Alive Magazine, 10 September Special Issue.

America Is In The Heart, 1973 (1946). Seattle: University of Washington Press



The Voice of Bataan. 1943. New York: Coward McCann

Chorus for America: Six Filipino Poets. 1942. Los Angeles: Wagon and Star

Letter from America. 1942. Prairie City, Illinois: J.A.Decker


“As Long as the Grass Shall Grow”, 1949. Common Ground, Summer

“Freedom from Want.” 1943. Saturday Evening Post, March 6.

“How My Stories Were Written.” 1972. In San Juan, Carlos Bulosan and the Imagination of the Class Struggle. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press.

“I Am Not a Laughing Man,” 1979. Amerasia Journal 6: 1 May; The New Tide, October-November, 1934.

“If You Want to Know What We Are” 1940. Literature Under the Commonwealth. Arguilla, Manuel E. eds., Manila: Philippine Writers League

“Man Against The World," 1979 Amerasia Journal 6: 1 May

“Manuel L. Quezon—The Good Fight!” 1944. Bataan Magazine (August): 13-15.

“My Brother Osong's Career in Politics,” 1979 Amerasia Journal 6: 1 May

“My Education,” 1979 Amerasia Journal 6: 1 May

“Terrorism Rides the Philippines.” 1952. 1951 Yearbook. Seattle, WA: ILWU, Local 37

“The Romance of Magno Rubio”. 1979. Amerasia Journal 6: May 1

“The End of the War.” New Yorker, September 2, 1944, pp 21-23.



Short Stories

The Laughter of My Father. 1944. New York: Harcourt, Brace, and Co.

The Philippines is in the Heart. 1978. E. San Juan, Jr., ed. Quezon City: New Day Publishing

The Power of Money, 1990. Introduction by Licerio Lagda. Manila: Kalikasan Press

Essays and Letters

Bulosan: An Introduction with Selections, 1983. edited by E. San Juan, Jr.. Manila: National Bookstore Printing.

If You Want to Know What We Are: A Carlos Bulosan Reader, ed. E. San Juan, Jr. Minneapolis: West End Press: 1983.

an introduction with selectionsOn Becoming Filipino: Selected Writings of Carlos Bulosan, ed. by E. San Juan Jr. (Temple University Press, 1995)

Selected Works and Letters. ed. by E. San Juan and Ninotchka Rosca. Honolulu, Hawaii: (Friends of the Filipino People 1982).

Sound of Falling Light: Letters in Exile, 1960. Dolores Feria, ed., Quezon City : University of the Philippines Press.


Carlos Bulosan and His Poetry: A Biography and an Anthology. Evangelista, Susan, 1985. Seattle: University of Washington Press / Quezon City: Ateneo University Press.


Alquizola, Marilyn. Asian Americans: Comparative and Global Perspectives. 1991. Eds. Shirley Hune et al. Pullman: Washington State Univ. Press, 199-209.

the power of the people. "Subversion or Affirmation: The Text and Subtext of America Is in the Heart.” 1989. Paper presented at the meeting of the Assn. for Asian American Studies, Hunter College of the City Univ. of New York.

Aquino, Joann Natalia. 2001. “It's Still ‘In the Heart': Remembering the Journey of Carlos Bulosan” Asian American Journal: International Examiner on May 2001.

Bishop, Donald. 2003. “The Four Freedoms Revisited,” ( U.S. Diplomatic Mission to Nigeria). Paper presented at the Women's History Month Celebration, March 18, 2003, Lagos, Nigeria .

Bogardus, Emory. 1976. “Anti-Filipino Race Riots.” In Letters in Exile . Ed. Jesse Quinsaat. Los Angeles, Ca: UCLA Asian American Studies Center.

Campomanes, Oscar. “Carlos Bulosan.” 1998. In Encyclopedia of the American Left. Eds. Mari Jo Buhle, Paul Buhle and Dan Georgakas. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

_ & N.V.M. Gonzalez, "Filipino American Literature." 1996. An Interethnic Companion to Asian American Literature. Ed. King Kok Cheung. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 62-124.

& Todd S. Gernes, “Two Letters from America: Carlos Bulosan and the Act of Writing”. 1988. MELUS 15.3, Fall, 15 - 46.

America is in the HeartCasanova, Pascale. “Literature as a World.” 2005. New Left Review 31 (Jan-Feb): 71-90.

Chung, S.F. “Review of The Cry and the Dedication and On Becoming Filipino.” 1996. The Journal of Asian Studies: 1148-49.

Cimatu, Frank. “Remembering Carlos Bulosan.” 2002. Philippine Daily Inquirer (Sept. 25): A17.

De Leon, Ferdinand M. “Revisiting the Life and Legacy of Pioneering Filipino Writer Carlos Bulosan.” 1999. Seattle Times, August 8. <>

De Vera, Arleen. “Without Parallel: The Local 7 Deportation Cases, 1949-1955.” 1994. AmerAsia Journal 20.2: 1-25.

Deleuze, Gilles and Felix Guattari. Kafka: Toward a Minor Literature. 1986. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Denning, Michael. 1997. The Cultural Front: The Laboring of American Culture in the 20th Century. London: Verso Books.

Estrada, George. “75 years later, works of Filipino author still shine.” 2005. The News Tribune (24 July) <

Evangelista, Susan, 1981. “Carlos Bulosan and the Beginnings of Third World Consciousness”. 1981. Unpublished Dissertation, The University of the Philippines,

if you want to know what we areFeria, Dolores, 1957. “Carlos Bulosan: Gentle Genius” Comment, First Quarter, 57-64.

Geron, Tomio. “Filipino Prophet.” 1995. AsianWeek (Aug. 4): 13.

Gier, Jean V. "... To Have Come from Someplace: October Light, America Is in the Heart, and 'Flip' Writing after the Third World Strikes." 1995. Hitting Critical Mass 2.2 Spring: 1-33.

Gonzalez, N. V. M., and Oscar V. Campomanes. "Filipino American Literature." 1996. An Interethnic Companion to Asian American Literature. Ed. King Kok Cheung. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 62-124.

Gotera, Vince. "Carlos Bulosan: Passion, Poetry, Politics." 1993. Connecticut Review 15.2 Fall: 11-23.

Grefalda, Remé-Antonia, ed. 2006. A Carlos Bulosan Issue, Our Own Voice Literary eZine for Filipinos in the Diaspora

Grow, L. M. "The Laughter of My Father: A Survival Kit." 1995. MELUS 20.2 Summer: 35-46.

_. "Modern Philippine Poetry in the Formative Years: 1920- 1950." 1984. ARIEL 15.3 July: 81-98.

Guyotte, Roland L. “Generation Gap: Filipinos, Filipino Americans and Americans, Here and There, Then and Now.” 1997. Journal of American Ethnic History (Fall): 64-70.

The Philippines is in the HeartJaskoski, Helen. "Carlos Bulosan's Literary Debt to Richard Wright." 1996. Literary Influence and African-American Writers. Ed. Tracy Mishkin. NY: Garland, 231-43.

Jameson, Fredric. “Third World Literature in the Era of Multinational Capitalism.” 2000. The Jameson Reader. Eds. Michael Hardt and Kathi Weeks. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishers.

Koshy, Susan. Sexual Naturalization. 2004. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Lee, Rachel. The Americas of Asian American Literature: Gendered Fictions of Nations and Transnation. 1999. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Libretti, Tim. "America Is in the Heart by Carlos Bulosan." 2001. A Resource Guide to Asian American Literature. Eds. Sau-ling C. Wong and Stephen H. Sumida. NY: Modern Language Association of America, 21-31.

_, “First and Third Worlds in U.S. Literature: Rethinking Carlos Bulosan.” 1998. MELUS Journal 23.4: 135-55.

_, 1997. "Writing Across and Within Borders: The Representation of Imperialism and the Defense of Nationalism in U.S. Third World Writing" in Mediations, vol. 20 (Spring), pp. 62-77.

, 1995 “'What a Dirty Way of Getting Clean': The Grotesque in U.S. Proletarian Literature" in Literature and the Grotesque , ed. Michael J. Meyer. Amsterdam: Rodopi, pp. 171-193.

Lukacs, Georg. Marxism and Human Liberation. 1972. Ed. E. San Juan. New York: Dell Publishing Co.

Mensalves, Chris. 1956. “Reporting for Carlos Bulosan,” Daily People's World, December 28 issue.

Mostern, Kenneth. "Why Is America in the Heart?" 1995. Hitting Critical Mass 2.2 Spring: 35-65.

McWilliams, Carey. “Most Filipino Immigrants Do Not Want Repatriation” 1997. Asian Americans: Opposing Viewpoints. Ed. William Dudley. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven Press, Inc.

the laughter of my fatherMorantte, P.C.His Heart Affair with America, an unpublished biography. 1977. Published under the title Remembering Carlos Bulosan

Nguyen, Viet Thanh. “Home of the Brave.” 1996. A.Magazine: 65-66.

Okihiro, Gary. 2005. “Japanese Americans and the Making of Democracy During World War II” Japan Focus, Oct, 26, 2005.

Ordonez, Elmer A. 2005. OPINION The Other View, “Carlos Bulosan (II),” Manila Times, Oct. 1, 2005

_. 1985. “A Review of Carlos Bulosan and His Poetry: An Anthology and biography by Susan Evangelista." Seattle & London: University of Washington Press (distributed outside North America and Europe by Ateneo de Manila University Press, Philippines ),” JSTOR: Pacific Affairs, Vol. 59, No.1, p. 172

Pomeroy, William. The Philippines: Colonialism, Collaboration, and Resistance! 1992. New York: International Publishers.

Reuben, Paul P. "Chapter 10: Late Twentieth Century, 1945 to the Present - Carlos Bulosan." PAL: Perspectives in American Literature - A Research and Reference Guide. <>
America is in the HeartPoster by Pintig Cultural Group

San Juan, E. Jr., 2000. After Postcolonialism: Remapping Philippines-United States Confrontations. New York : Rowman and Littlefield.

_, 1996. "Searching for the Heart of 'America' (Carlos Bulosan)." Teaching American Ethnic Literatures: Nineteen Essays. Eds. John R. Maitino and David R. Peck. Albuquerque: Univ. of New Mexico Press, 259-72.

_, 1995 "In Search of Filipino Writing: Reclaiming Whose ' America '?" The Ethnic Canon: Histories, Institutions, and Interventions. Ed. Liu D. Palumbo. Minneapolis : Univ. of Minnesota Press, 213-40.

_, 1991. "Beyond Identity Politics: The Predicament of the Asian Writer in Late Capitalism." American Literary History 3.3 Fall: 542-65.

_, 1976 (1972). Carlos Bulosan and the Imagination of the Class Struggle. New York: Oriole.

Santos, Alfonso P., 1956. “As I Knew Them.” Literary Apprentice, October.

Schirmer, Daniel B. and Steve Shalom, eds. The Philippines Reader. 1987. Boston: South End Press.

Slotkin, Joel. "Igorots and Indians: Racial Hierarchies and Conceptions of the Savage in Carlos Bulosan's Fiction of the Philippines." 2000. American Literature 72.4 Dec: 843-66.

Solberg, S. E. "Bulosan Theseus Villa." 1988. MELUS 15.2 Summer: 3-25.

Sugisawa, Rieko. "Carlos Bulosan's Search for America and Himself: America Is in the Heart." 1995. AALA Journal 2, 1-11.

Takaki, Ronald. Strangers from a Different Shore. 1989. Boston: Little Brown and Company.

Teodoro, Luis. “Notes on The Power of the People.” 1985. Mithi 1: 3-14.

Valderrama, N.G. 1948. “Allos” This Week , 21 March 1948

Valeros, Margarita. 1955. “An Appreciative Study of the Life and Works of Carlos Bulosan,” M.A. Thesis, National Teachers College.

Waggoner, Eric. 1999. Conference presentation “Two Nations: Iconography and Inversion in the Autobiographies of Mother Jones and Carlos Bulosan.” Remembered Lives. Laramie WY: University of Wyoming, June 17, 1999.

Yabes, Leopoldo. 1947 “The Dream of Carlos Bulosan” The Evening News, Saturday Magazine, 25 January 1947

_. 1947. “More on Carlos Bulosan” The Sunday Post Magazine, 16 March 1947